For Matt, “organic” means respecting the entire agricultural ecosystem and the natural fertility of the earth, without using synthetic products or genetically modified organisms, ensuring responsible use of energy and resources.
Agribusinesses that plan to be part of the organic supply chain must subject themselves to certification according to EC Regulation 834/2007.
The organic supply chain includes both the primary production of a product and the processing activity.
With regard to primary activity, the Regulations define a production method that takes into account all those forms of cultivation and animal husbandry that tend to enhance and conserve biological production systems, without the use of synthetic chemicals, fulfilling a function of environmental protection and preservation of rural space. The regulation urges making the best use of renewable energy and enhancing land, environmental and natural resources.
The essential technical principles of organic farming are:
- The importance accorded to the physical and microbiological aspects of the soil and their improvement
- Organic-based fertilization, possibly supplemented by mineral inputs, preferably of natural origin
- Plant protection based on prevention possibly supplemented by treatments carried out with products authorized by specific production standards and according to certification schemes
- Weed control through cultural practices and mechanical interventions
- A ban on the use of products and ingredients obtained or derived from genetically modified organisms (GMOs)
- the limited use of veterinary medicines
- systems and forms of breeding that respect a life in accordance with the specific needs of individual animal species.